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Final design of 'Yara Birkeland' revealed – model commences testing at SINTEF Ocean

自动和全电动集装箱船“Yara Birkeland”的最终设计的六米长的2.4吨型号,于2017年9月28日在特隆赫姆的SINTEF海洋80米试验罐设施开始测试。昨天还透露了ENOVA挪威政府负责促进环保生产和消费能源的企业将为该项目提供1.33亿挪威克朗的财政捐助。

于二零一七年五月九日公布,雅乐与康士伯合作,共同建设世界首个自主,全电动集装箱船。以Yara创始人克里斯蒂安·比尔兰德(Kristian Birkeland)命名的“雅拉比克兰”将能够将挪威南部的雅拉Porsgrunn化肥厂减少到Brevik和拉尔维克港的40,000路,大大减少了运输卡车产生的当地NOx和二氧化碳排放。该船将于2019年初交付运行并开始第一次测试和运行,并在2020年进行全面自主运行。

“通过这样一个项目,我们可以依靠与领先的海事能力中心和技术公司的合作,例如Kongsberg在自主技术上,Marin Teknikk对船舶设计和SINTEF进行模型测试,这是一个特别的时刻,当我们加入我们在特隆赫姆的合作伙伴今天首次见证了一个微型Yara Birkeland的设计和演示,“  Yara总裁兼首席执行官Svein Tore Holsether说。

成功的初步测试

在5月宣布之后,该船已在挪威设计和工程公司Marin Teknikk设计。最终设计的六号长和2.4吨的最终设计使用专用于真正船舶的技术,包括来自康斯伯格的全功能推进器系统,将在全面开展船舶开始之前,先在SINTEF海洋进行综合测试。到2017年底决定和披露船舶的建造地点。

“模型的初步测试是成功的,证明了概念和技术,SINTEF Ocean的测试标志着发展的一个重要里程碑,这艘船对整个海运业来说是重要的,Yara值得赞扬他们的主动性和承诺Yara Birkeland是实现国家和国际环境影响目标的重要贡献的开始,并将成为海运运输的全球里程碑,“  KONGSBERG总裁兼首席执行官GeirHåøy说

挪威海事集群的下一个前沿

Yara Birkeland
六米长,2.4吨模型的自主船舶的最终设计。礼貌:Ole Martin Wold

Yara Birkeland是以环境为重点的挪威农业公司Yara,全球海事技术公司KONGSBERG,DNV GL,Marin Teknikk,SINTEF海洋和挪威海事当局之间的合作。除了Yara Birkeland的电力驱动,电池和推进控制系统之外,康士伯负责开发和交付所有关键的使能技术,包括远程和自主船舶操作所需的传感器和集成。

“绿色航运是挪威可以在气候和环境方面产生全球性差异的领域,挪威海运集群可以在哪些国家担任新的国际职位。雅拉Birkeland将为应用创新海事技术设定基准,以更有效率和更环保Yara,KONGSBERG和其他有关公司和当局的紧密合作,显示了挪威航运业制定国际标准的能力,并引领了前进的道路。“  Håøy说

全球首舰无人驾驶集装箱船正式开始在挪威研究机构Stintef Ocean的水池中进行模型测试。


挪威康士伯海事(KongsbergMaritime),全球最大的化肥制造商 - 挪威Yara集团已经与Marin Teknikk合作设计并建造了全球第一艘全自动集装箱船“Yara Birkeland”号的模型,这艘模型船船长6米,重2.4吨,从9月29日开始在SINTEF的水池中进行测试。



  


“Yara Birkeland”号将全球首舰全电动支线集装箱船,完全实现零排放。建成之后,这艘船长80米,宽15米,能够装载120个20英尺标准集装箱,正常航速6节,总速度13节。“YARA Birkeland”号虽然载货量很少,但该船的正式投入运营将会成为全球航运史上的一个巨大转折点。



  


“YARA Birkeland”号的载货量很少,只能装载100至150个集装箱。造价为2500万美元,约为普通船舶造价的三倍,但由于采用纯电动和无人驾驶设计,通过节省燃料和人员成本,每年将节省高达90%的运营成本。



  


据了解,“YARA Birkeland”号利用自身安装的全球定位系统,雷达,摄像机和传感器等,能够在航道中实现避免其他船舶,并在到达终点时实现自行停靠。


“Yara Birkeland”号计划2018年下半年开始试运营,最初采用有人船操作,船上配备少数船员。这些船员将安置在一个以集装箱为基础,可以移除的模块化装置内。到2019年将转为远程操作,预计到2020年才能够完全自主操作。



  


“YaraBirkeland”号将负责把亚拉波斯格伦生产工厂的货物运送至布雷维克和拉尔维克,预计将在2019年转向远程操作,从2020年开始实现全自动操作,届时该船将在波斯格伦,布雷维克和拉尔维克的港口间完全自动航行。


据悉,康士伯海事将负责提供“YaraBirkeland”号所需要的全部关键能动技术,包括远程和全自动操作需要的传感器和集成,以及电力驱动,电池和推进控制系统。


Yara首席执行官Svein Tore Holsether表示,新的电池驱动无人驾驶集装箱船有助于将运输工作从公路转移到海上,从而减少噪声和粉尘排放,提高地方公路安全性,削减氮氧化物和二氧化碳排放量。



  


根据屋的计划,一旦监管能够跟上,公司将建造更大的无人驾驶船,甚至考虑将化肥从荷兰运送到巴西。如果运营成本能够同样实现类似节省比例,未来这些无人船将成为全球航运业的生命线。


Surface Vehicles > Autonomous surface vessel control system >

Autonomous ship project, key facts about YARA Birkeland

YARA Birkeland
The autonomous ship YARA Birkeland as designed by Marin Teknikk.

The world's first zero emission, autonomous container feeder

The vessel YARA Birkeland will be the world’s first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. KONGSBERG is responsible for development and delivery of all key enabling technologies including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous ship operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems.

The ship

YARA Birkeland

A 120 TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) open top container ship. It will be a fully battery powered solution, prepared for remote control and autonomous operation. The vessel will reduce NOx and CO2 emissions by reducing diesel-powered truck transport by around 40,000 journeys per year. This eco-initiative will help to meet the UN sustainability goals, and improve road safety and congestion.

For the first phase of the project a containerised bridge with crew facilities will be implemented. When the ship is ready for autonomous operation this module will be lifted off.

The following describes the concept design. The information will be updated from time to time as more / updated information becomes available.

Estimated facts & figures

These figures may change slightly as the project progresses.

Main particulars
  • Length o.a.: 79,5 m
  • Length p.p.: 72,4 m
  • Width mld.: 14,8 m
  • Depth shelter deck: 10,8 m
  • Draught (full): 5 m
  • Draught (ballast): 3 m
  • Service speed: 6 knots
  • Max speed: 10 knots
Capacity
  • Cargo capacity: 120 TEU
  • Deadweight: 3 200 mt
Propulsion
  • Propulsion system: Electric
  • Propellers: 2 Azimuth pods
  • Thrusters: 2 Tunnel thruster
  • Battery pack: 7,5 – 9 MWh
Proximity sensors
  • Radar
  • Lidar
  • AIS
  • Camera
  • IR camera
Connectivity & Communication
  • Maritime Broadband Radio
  • VPN connection through Inmarsat

Loading / unloading / mooring

Loading and unloading will be done automatically using electric cranes and equipment. The ship will not have ballast tanks, but will use the battery pack as permanent ballast.

The ship will also be equipped with an automatic mooring system - berthing and unberthing will be done without human intervention, and will not require special implementations dock-side.

Operational area

Operational area

The autonomous ship will sail within 12 nautical miles from the coast, between 3 ports in southern Norway. The whole area is completely covered by the The Norwegian Coastal Administrations' VTS system at Brevik.

The distances between the ports are:

  • Herøya – Brevik (approx. 7 nm)
  • Herøya – Larvik (approx. 30 nm)

Operation / control centres

Control centre

To ensure safety, three centres with different operational profile are planned to handle all aspects of operation. These centres will handle emergency and exception handling, condition monitoring, operational monitoring, decision support, surveillance of the autonomous ship and its surroundings and all other aspects of safety.

  • YARA at Porsgrunn
  • Kongsberg Maritime
  • Kystverket VTS centre at Brevik - to be decided

Milestones

2017

  • Design finalised. Design done by Marin Teknikk, design MT 2007.
  • Model towing tank testing. Testing at SINTEF Ocean in Trondheim Norway.
  • Yard contract award.

2018

  • The vessel will be delivered from the yard in the second half of the year (Q3).
  • Testing with a captain and small crew, placed in a container-based bridge and crew unit, is scheduled to start second half.

2019

  • Remote control tests will be carried out.

2020

  • The vessel will be fully autonomous.

Yara’s Autonomous Ship Model Put to the Test

A model of what promises to be the world’s first autonomous containership kickstarted today its testing stage at Sintef Ocean, a Norwegian research organization.

Norwegian maritime technology expert Kongsberg and its compatriot fertilizer producer Yara have teamed up with Marin Teknikk on designing and building a model of the ship- Yara Birkeland.

As disclosed, the model tested its mettle today in Sintef’s pool for the first time.

The ship has been announced by the two companies as the world’s first fully electric container feeder, which will produce zero emissions.

Once constructed, it will feature 80 meters in length, 15 meters in width and accommodate 120 standard 20-foot containers (TEU).

The containership will be able to carry a full load of five meters deep, but only three meters in ballast. Its normal speed, which is also a determining factor for the ship’s hull shape, will be six knots while total speed will be 13 knots.

Under the partnership, Kongsberg will be in charge of development and delivery of all key enabling technologies on Yara Birkeland including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems.

Yara and Kongsberg are planning to start trial operation of the vessel from the second half of 2018 with a small crew on board. As informed, the crew will be placed in a container-based modular unit that can be removed.

The vessel will be engaged in shipping products from Yara’s Porsgrunn production plant to Brevik and Larvik in Norway. Yara Birkeland is scheduled to switch to remote operation in 2019. It is expected to be capable of performing fully autonomous operations from 2020, when it will sail completely autonomously between the ports of Porsgrunn, Brevik and Larvik.

As explained by Yara’s CEO Svein Tore Holsether earlier, the new autonomous battery-driven container vessel will help move transport from road to sea and thereby reduce noise and dust emissions, improve the safety of local roads, and reduce NOx and CO2 emissions.


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